Plants of USA and Canada

Fraxinus excelsior L.



PLANT PROFILE  : (*)

Name: Fraxinus excelsior L.
Nomencl. ref.: Sp. Pl.: 1057 (1753)

Rank: species


Common names

US name U.S. name: European ash
en English name: European ash
French name: frÍne commun
Italian name: Frassino maggiore

Grown habit: Tree
Duration: Perennial
 

Synonyms:


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pictures Images

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Joinville-le-Pont, Arboretum de l'Ecole Du Breuil / Jardin botanique de la Ville de Paris, Francia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Picture modified from Richard Wettstein - Handbuch der Systematischen Botanik (1924) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de - Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled 'GNU Free Documentation License'.

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Picture modified from Bley, Franz - Botanisches Bilderbuch (1897/98) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de - Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Joinville-le-Pont, Arboretum de l'Ecole Du Breuil / Jardin botanique de la Ville de Paris , Île-de-France, Francia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Credit: Photo by Graziano Propetto

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Brabant, Belgique/België, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Jacob Sturm, Johann Georg Sturm - Deutschlands Flora in Abbildungen (1796). - This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgio, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Otto Wilhelm Thomé: Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz (1885) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Joinville-le-Pont, Arboretum de l'Ecole Du Breuil / Jardin botanique de la Ville de Paris, Francia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Jan Kops et al. - Flora Batava - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de - Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Credit: Photo by Graziano Propetto

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Photo by Leo Michels. Usage: Public Domain

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Photo by Leo Michels. Usage: Public Domain

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België / Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Belgio, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België / Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Belgio, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgio, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Brabant, Belgique/België, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Joinville-le-Pont, Arboretum de l'Ecole Du Breuil / Jardin botanique de la Ville de Paris, Francia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Joinville-le-Pont, Arboretum de l'Ecole Du Breuil / Jardin botanique de la Ville de Paris , Île-de-France, Francia, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgio, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Walter Hood Fitch - Illustrations of the British Flora (1924) - Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber. Source: www.biolib.de - Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this image under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.3 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License".

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Vlaams-Brabant, Belgio, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Credit: Photo by Graziano Propetto

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Credit: Photo by Graziano Propetto

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Photo by Leo Michels. Usage: Public Domain

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Photo by Leo Michels. Usage: Public Domain

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
C. Hoffmann - Botanischer Bilder-Atlas (1884) - This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita, Università di Trieste - Progetto Dryades - Picture by Andrea Moro - Meise, Nationale Plantentuin van België, Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Brabant, Belgique/België, - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share-Alike 3.0 License

Fraxinus excelsior
Fraxinus excelsior
Photo by Leo Michels. Usage: Public Domain


text More information

Genera of  Oleaceae:
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(*) Source: USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 August 2009). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA
 

 




Distribution in USA and Canada

USA (CT, KY, MA, NY, OH), CAN (NB, NS, ON, QC)

Distributional map for Fraxinus excelsior L.
Map for Fraxinus excelsior L.
USDA, NRCS. 2009. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 28 August 2009). National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA


TAXONOMY

Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Superdivision: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae


Genus: Fraxinus


Species
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